The Hero’s Journey (Monomyth) in YA Written by Grant Goodman, 11/4/2014
The Hero’s Journey (also called Monomyth) is a story pattern that appears again and again in literature and film. You can find it featured prominently in The Odyssey, The Princess Bride, and The Lion King, just to name a few.
While there are many “official” steps, here are the basics of what you need to know:
- The hero is forced to leave home to seek out adventure/a new life.
- Our hero meets a mentor or receives supernatural aid.
- There are several small challenges the hero must conquer.
- The hero experiences death and rebirth (not always literally, though).
- The power/skills necessary to succeed are finally mastered by the hero.
- The key obstacle is overcome or defeated, leaving the hero free to live without fear.
Here’s an example for you, which is a spoilerific romp through a certain wizard story you may have heard of, called HARRY POTTER.
Harry is whisked away to Hogwarts, where he must learn to cope with being a celebrity and the pressures of wizard school. He finds himself mentored by a series of wizards: Hagrid, Dumbledore, Sirius. In book after book, Harry must confront the growing threat of an ever more powerful Lord Voldemort, until eventually he faces the fully revived wizard. Harry experiences death at the hands of Voldemort, though he comes back to life. Harry, having overcome death and becoming the master of the Elder Wand, is able to end Voldemort’s uprising. He has removed the world’s greatest threat and is therefore able to go on living his life.
There are several other prominent titles that follow this model. Suzanne Collins’ GREGOR THE OVERLANDER, Ursula Le Guin’s A WIZARD OF EARTHSEA, and Christopher Paolini’s INHERITANCE CYCLE are a few more that come to mind.
The next time you’re making your way through a YA adventure novel, there’s a good chance you’re following one of the most widely used story patterns in human history.